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Iclod Mansion (Castle of Iclod). Past and present

 

 

Position

Iclod is located in the former center of the village, in a quiet area with easy access, asphalted road from the national road Cluj-Dej and near Cluj-Dej railway, station Iclod.

 

History of the Castel from Iclod

The old mansion known as the "castle Iclod" belonged in the period 1933-1949 to Porutiu family, being its the summer residence. It is the home where Petre Poruþiu liked to return often, until it was confiscated by the communists in 1949, as a return to the land that he loved and in whom he drew the force as a means of keeping in touch with the Country.

The mansion was purchased by Prof. Dr. Peter Porutiu in 1933 from the baron Albert Banffy de Losoncz, son of Adam Bánffy of Losoncz (1847-1887), who was responsible for rebuilding the Castle in Rascruci , and of Maria Wesselenyi de Hadad (1849-1922) [1].

After the death of Adam Bánffy, Maria Wesselenyi de Hadad remarried Alexander Montbach de Jungferndorf und Bechau, great lover of art, has in turn talent to picture [2]. They will live in the so-called "Summer Castle from Iclod" the current mansion, up to their death: 1922 and 1912 respectivelly.

In this mansion, in early twentieth Montbach Albert, his sister, Emma and the painter Papp Gabor organized according to the press, summer art camps [3] of the painters and musicians from Cluj and from abroad. It seems that during such meetings were painted the walls of the grand salon of the castle from Iclod [4], paintings today disappeared , probably covered by subsequently paintings.

De la Curia Nobiliara la Castelul din Iclod. Particularitati arhitecturale.

Conacul pare a se afla pe locul unei vechi Curii Nobiliare ce a suferit de-a lungul timpului multiple transformari prin distrugeri, refaceri si modificari. Una dintre distrugeri, amintite in documente, care a afectat Curia din Iclod este aceea din timpul Razboiului lui Gheorghe Doja din 1514[5].

Later, in the seventeenth century it talks of the family Bánffy and Torma castle in Iclod (Nagyiklod).

The documents „ Urbaria et Conscriptiones” (Land records and tax assessments ), vol VII/3 from 1775 talk about the Count Gyorgy Bánffy of Losontz and Countess Bánffy Agnes, sister of Count Gyorgy Bánffy and is a description of the properties owned by them in Iclod, which includes a Curia. In describing this noble Curia it speaks of the existence of two vaulted rooms oriented to east and west. The outgoing edges cross vaults specific to eighteenth century baroque, are found today in these positions in the structure of the mansion and can prove this association. It may have been an earlier building that had all rooms vaulted but that they didn’t resist in time.

The existence of this mansion is mentioned on Josephine Map of Transylvania, 1769-1773 (Josephinische Landaufnahme pg.063 ; detail of the map). Strictly symmetrical shape construction with U-shaped plan, a type of planimetric characteristic for Transylvania at the end of the eighteenth century in these maps, is found also today in the main facade with a portico in jutty with triangular pediment, which seems to be more recent date.

This mansion now has 15 rooms (the rooms from the ends of the 2 arms of the U's are smaller and may be of more recent date were added due to the building’s resistance criteria).

Other characteristic elements of Iclod mansion are the walls thickness, vaulted brick and stone walls cellar, cellar fountain now drained and the back facade terrace protected by the U shape of the house which opened onto a park unfortunately largely destroyed during the communist period.

A first evaluation of the manor was made by experts of the Foundation PRO Patrimonio.

The present situation of the manor of Iclod

The mansion became the property of the State by Decree 83/1949. Here there was a school, and since 1987, Ethno-Archaeology Museum of Iclod, first and only of its kind in the country, founded by Professor Aurel Bulbuc. This helped greatly to avoid the destruction of the mansion. The building was restored in 2008, according to Law 10/2001, Ana Gavrila, daughter of Prof. Dr. Peter Porutiu.

It has maintained the destination of museum of the Castel from Iclod, as intend and hope to be able to do it from now on.


References

[1] http://www.geni.com/people/;     http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/banffy8.html

[2] http://www.erdelyimuveszet.ro/kataszter/keret/cikk/10.htm

[3] http://www.erdelyimuveszet.ro/kataszter/keret/altalan/biblio.htm

[4] http://www.erdelyimuveszet.ro/kataszter/keret/cikk/11.htm

[5] Aurel-Ioan Bulbuc, “Graiul pãmântului: pagini din monografia Iclodului”, Ed. Napoca Star, Cluj-Napoca, 2006, 360p

 

 

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