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Petre Porutiu - Portret drawing
 

 

Short biographical data. Family Porutiu.

Petre Porutiu was born on the 5 th of August 1884 in Timisoara, Timis-Torontal county, in an old Romanian family originary from the village Ceanu-Desert (Ceanu-Mic), whose known roots are going back to 1773 [1, 2]. Since that time the family has given generations of priests and teachers. The grandfather from his father side, priest Stefan Porutiu was brother with Samoila Porutiu governmental counselor, participant to the 1848 revolution in Transylvania , being one of the close collaborator of Avram Iancu. [3]. Other important members of the family were Simion Porutiu (1867-1932) supporter of the „Memorandist Mouvement” and secretary of the well known leader of the „Memorandist Mouvement” Dr. Ioan Ratiu and Ioan Porutiu publicist and chief editor of the review „Federatiunea” from Budapest, who was prosecuted by the hungarian authorities including for an article written to the turn attention to the disperate situation of the peasants from the Mures county [4] and for supporting the publishing of the paper entitle „Ecuilibru” written by the greatest Romanian poet Mihail Eminescu [5], recognizing his talent from the debut in the politics publishing.

Petre Porutiu gratuated the german Lycee from Bistrita, Bistrita-Nasaud county, where his father, Valeriu Porutiu, was postmaster and bank manager and has obtained the title of Dr. in Legal Sciences (1906) and Dr. in Political Scienes (1908) of the University of Budapest. He has also followed the courses of the Coomercial Academy from Salzburg (1907) [6]. After graduation he worked as a lawyer. Like many Romanian Transylvanian of those times, he was mobilized in the Austro-Hungarian army between 1914 and 1918 and fought on the Russian front.

Petre Porutiu married in 1919 Valeria Pop whose father, Alexandru Pop, was the doctor of the Blaj Mitropoly [7, 8] and whose brother, Alexandru Pop, was a reknown surgeon, professor and creator of medical school in Cluj. [9]. A fost văr primar cu Valentin Poruțiu, primul prefect român al Clujului de după Marea Unire.



Civic activities. Petre Porutiu and the Union of the 1st December, 1918

Dr. Petre Porutiu was elected deputy as a representative of the county Bistrita-Nasaud, circle Bistrita in the National Assembly of Alba Iulia from the 1st December, 1918, as part of the 1,228 elected deputies and members by right. At the session held on the 30th of July, 1919 in Sibiu, Petre Porutiu became elected member of the Grand Council (Transylvania's Legislative Assembly). He was delegate counselor to the Paris Peace Conference of 1920.

During 1919 when Transylvania was led provisonal by the Ruling Council (Transylvania's government) and the Grand Council (Transylvania's Legislative Assembly), Petre Porutiu. Pe parcursul anului 1919 când Transilvania era condusă provizoriu de Consiliul Dirigent și de Marele Sfat, Petre Poruțiu struggled to achieve the real unification of legislative and administrative institutions, fighting for the "de facto" union by fast and and final integration of Transylvania, Banat and the Hungarian regions of Romania in a Romanian national unitary state and against maintaining the Ruling Council, after the purposes for which it was created has been achieved, and against maintaining Transylvania as an autonomous territory.

He served as head of department in the Resort of Agriculture and Commerce of the Ruling Council who had responsibilities of provisional government. He wrote the preliminary draft decree-law concerning the land reform in Transylvania, Banat and the Hungarian regions and also represented the Ruling Council of Transylvania in the central government in Bucharest, as a special adviser with: Caius Brediceanu, Mihai Popovici, Sever Dan, Zaharia Muntean și Emil Mantia.

He was member of the National Peasant Party.

Teaching activity. Professor Petre Porutiu

Petre Poruțiu was part of the Commission for organizing Romanian University of Cluj and member of the first generation of university professors at “Universitatea Daciei Superioare, also named "Alma Mater Napocensis" being appointed by King Ferdinand titular professor at the Department of Commercial Law by Royal Decree 241/27.01.1920, published in “Monitorul Oficial” no. 222/29.01.1920.

He was Dean (1924-1925, 1930-1931) and vice-Dean of the Faculty of Law (1925-1926, 1931-1932) and member of the University Senate, Director of Commercial Law Seminar and member of the Institute of Moral and Political Sciences of Cluj.

Reputed commercialist I.L. Georgescu, who personally knew Petre Porutiu, described him as "a Transylvanian Romanian with inherent qualities of tenacity and dignity. He was a robust realist, an enlightened pragmatic. He had a natural inclination to study economics, which is so necessary for a commercial law professor" [10].

He honored his status of teacher showing a high competence, because, as he used to say, "Nothing more beautiful in this world than to teach others”. We meet him again as a substitute Professor at the Department of Religious Law.

He was part between 1929 and 1931 of the Board of Directors of the National Bank and of Autonomous Corporation of Monopolies.

Petre Porutiu was member of the Unification Commission (Commission for the unification of the Commercial Code) and temporary member of the Legislative Council.

În urma Dictatului de la Viena (din 30 august 1940) Petre Porutiu s-a refugiat împreună cu Universitatea „Ferdinanad I” din Cluj, la Sibiu. Începând cu 1 august 1941 a fost vicepreședinte al asociației „Prietenii Universității din Cluj” alături de V. Bologa, D. V. Ionescu și Lucian Blaga, asociație care si-a dorit sa favorizeze solidarizarea în jurul Universitații, devenita un simbol pentru intreaga Transilvanie in lupta pentru realizarea idealului de unitate națională.

Following the Vienna Dictate (August 30, 1940) Petre Porutiu took refuge along with the University "Ferdinanad I" of Cluj, to Sibiu. From 1 August 1941 was vice president of the association "Friends of the University of Cluj" with V. Bologa, D.V. Ionescu and Lucian Blaga. This association wanted to promote the solidarity around the University that has became a symbol of the whole Transylvania in the struggle to achieve the ideal of national unity.

He was part of the leadership of "Transylvanian Studies Center" with Professors I. Hațieganu, I. S. Dragomir, Al. Procopovici, Juliu Moldovan, V. Stanciu which aimed to prepare arguments to support the case of Transylvania after the war.

Prof. Dr. Petre Porutiu was recognized by contemporaries as a great supporter of democratic rights and freedoms, who was not accepted by any of totalitarian regimes, being watched by the secret services both under the Antonescu and communist regime, as evidenced by the file found in the archives of the National Council for Study of Securitate Archives (dosar nr. 49670/I 195506).

After 23 August 1944, in anticipation of the reintegration of North Transylvania to Romania, Petre Porutiu was part of the committee assigned to deal with the return of the University "Ferdinand I" in Cluj as well as of the small committee formed to move immediately to Cluj and get first contact with the authorities from the released Cluj.

Porutiu Petre was among the first Professors from the University of Cluj who have been fired once the communist government was installed being put in "retired from office" on the 1st September, 1947, after a devoted work of more than 29 years in the service of Transylvanian university education and national ideal.

Prof. Dr. Peter Porutiu conducted an extensive publishing activity as author of numerous works, many considered reference works, which can be found in the archives of the National Library in Bucharest, the Romanian Academy Library, of University Library in Cluj or some prestigious libraries abroad: LSE London School of Economics and Political Science-Library (https://catalogue.lse.ac.uk/) Système Universitaire de Documentation (http://www.sudoc.abes.fr) Bibliotheca Nationalis Hungariae, National Széchényi Library (http://nektar.oszk.hu/en/manifestation/3233420), or are indexed in international data bases (ex.: http://books.google.ro/; http://www.worldcat.org/; http://adatbank.mlsz.hu; http://viaf.org/).

Copies of some of these works are now in the Ethnoarchaeological Museum of Iclod. Beyond the strictly specialized information they help to reconstitute an era, that of the great and profound changes after the Great Union.

Order. Medals. Awards.

In recognition of the fact that through his whole work has helped both the affirmation and realization of the national ideal and the formation of several generations of intellectuals in Transylvania, was awarded with the orders „Steaua României” in the rank of Commander, „Coroana României” in the rank of Grand Officer, „Ferdinand” in rank of Officer and medal „Răsplata muncii pentru învățământ”, first class [11].


[1] Revista COSINZEANA, Anul III, Nr. 33, Orastie, 24 August 1913

[2] Ziarul ROMANUL, Anul IV, Nr. 264, Arad, 30 Noiembrie/13 Decembrie 1914

[3] Enciclopedia Romaniei, online: Avram Iancu

[4] Nicolae BALINT, A doua „descalecare“ a lui Apor (II), Ziarul de Mures, 21 aprilie 2008

[5] Dualismul, o fictiune diplomatica despre Mihai EMINESCU

[6] Lucian Nastasă, ITINERARII SPRE LUMEA SAVANTĂ, Editura Limes, Cluj-Napoca, 2006

[7] Silvia Pop, Contributia carturarilor blajeni la realizarea Enciclopediei Romane, Revista Transilvania, 2004, nr.9-10, p.88

[8] TRANSILVANIA: REVISTA ASOCIAȚIUNII PENTRU LITERATURA ROMÂNĂ ȘI CULTURA POPORULUI ROMÂN, Anul 1912 nr.5

[9] Adrian Bucurescu, "Scoala de Vara de la Sighet", Romania Libera Aldine, 5 august 2005

[10] Sorin Popescu, Tudor Prelipceanu, "Consilierii temporari ai Consiliului Legislativ interbelic, făurari ai Codului comercial unificat", Buletin de Informare Legislativa, 4/2010, p22

[11] ANUARUL UNIVERSITATII REGELE FERDINAND I CLUJ, 1933-34.

 

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